Rare disperser in all seasons in very small numbers. Many breeding colonies have declined; nesting birds are very vulnerable to human disturbance.
Where in Kuwait
Has bred on Bubiyan with last recorded nesting in 1923, but has been occasionally recorded in and around Jahra Bay.
In the world
The biggest population is found across Africa. In the Middle East it is found in large inland wetlands and shallow coastal lagoons and it nests colonially in reeds. There is a large breeding population in the Basra marshes of Iraq. The species is entirely piscivorous, preferentially taking fish of between 300 and 600 g in weight.