Lesser Short-toed Lark
Lesser Short-toed Lark
Scientific Name 
Calandrella rufescens
Arabic Name 
القبرة قصيرة الإصبع الصغيرة
Kuwaiti name 
13.0 cm
Least Concern
Similar species 


Very common passage migrant and winter visitor; uncommon summer visitor, breeds in Kuwait. A typical lark of the Asian steppes; also nesting here in small numbers where land is not degraded by overgrazing.
Where in Kuwait 
This is a bird of dry open country, preferring even drier and barer soils than Greater Short-toed Lark and often seen in large flocks that may included Greater Short-toed Larks, around small water pools in the desert
In the world 
It has an extremely large range with a population that is estimated to be in decline following to recorded regional declines, owing to ongoing habitat loss. It breeds in Spain, north Africa, also including Turkey eastwards across the semi-deserts of central Asia to Mongolia and China. Many populations, including the Spanish and African breeders, are sedentary, but some Asian birds from the north of the breeding range migrate south in winter.
Local threats 
Loss and degradation of habitat