Dunlin (Breeding plumage)
Dunlin (Breeding plumage)
Dunlin (Winter)
Scientific Name 
Calidris alpina
Arabic Name 
الطيطوى الداكنة
Kuwaiti name 
38.0 cm
18.0 cm
Least Concern
Similar species 


The commonest wintering wader in Kuwait. Common passage migrant and uncommon summer visitor. Up to 10 000 recorded in late January 2007. A well-known circumpolar breeder and long-distance migrant.
Where in Kuwait 
This species prefers inter-tidal mudflats, but also frequents a wide variety of freshwater and brackish wetlands both coastal and inland wherever this habitat is found in Kuwait.In breeding plumage it has a very distinctive black belly patch.
In the world 
It has an extremely large range with a decreasing population and is a fully migratory circumpolar breeder with several sub-populations that employ a number of migration strategies, from short coastal flights to long, non-stop flights overland on a broad front. It travels in groups of up to 1,500 while migrating and residing in groups numbering hundreds of thousands at the wintering grounds.
Local threats 
On passage this species is vulnerable to any changes in this habitat for example through land reclamation and disturbance on inter-tidal mudflats from development work