Ehrenberg’s Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus samamiscus)
Common Redstart (Male spring)
Scientific Name 
Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Arabic Name 
الحميراء الشائعة
Kuwaiti name 
15.0 cm
Least Concern
Similar species 


Very common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor. At least two subspecies occur. Usually seen throughout Kuwait wherever there are small patches of trees and bushes. Migrating flocks of up to 100 have been recorded.
Where in Kuwait 
The most common Redstart found in Kuwait on passage migration and can be found in most locations where there is mature habitat with a high horizontal visibility and low amounts of shrub and understorey. It will often fly down from its perch to catch an insect on the ground before returning to its perch
In the world 
It has an extremely large range and in Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase. It is distributed across the western Palearctic, where it is generally widespread in Europe, becoming less common throughout Asia, where it is found as far as northwest China. It winters in central Africa and Arabia, south of the Sahara Desert but north of the Equator, from Senegal east to Yemen. Two subspecies are accepted; the nominate P. p. phoenicurus is found all over Europe and reaches into Siberia. To the southeast, subspecies P. p. samamisicus is found from the Crimean Peninsula through Turkey, the Middle East, and into Central Asia. The orange-red tail, from which it and other Redstarts get their names ("start" is an old word for "tail"), is frequently quivered.
Local threats 
Habitat loss and degradation